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一种自洽的宇宙模型假说及其物理图像 A self-consistent universe model

2020-09-30 12:26:47 目录:默认 领域:物理学 宇宙学假说

摘要:在弦理论中,物质的基本组成是闭合的弦圈,有缠绕弦与振动弦两种弦的形式。在特殊情况下,例如其半径互为倒数,则此时允许的能量和电荷的绝对值是一样的。基于此,本文提出这样的一种AB宇宙对偶模型,由M理论所提出的11维时空可以拆分为1个我们的A宇宙的时间维度,1个未知的维度(可能也是时间维,只不过不属于A宇宙而属于B宇宙,与确定的时间维分别对应AB两个宇宙),与9个与空间相关的维度。其中,当以我们目前所在的时空作为参考系时,3个空间维展开,构成我们的宇宙A,并处于膨胀中。当然这三个空间维实际是闭合的弦,只不过其圆形的直径极远。剩下的6个空间维组成的卡丘流形中,有三个空间维是稳定的甚至恒定的闭合弦圈,而剩下的三个空间维与展开的三个空间维呈倒数关系,构成宇宙B,收缩中。在A参考系看来,则除了展开的三个空间维以外,剩下的六个空间维卷缩。反之,在B参考系看来,则A宇宙才是卷缩的。。

关键词: 弦理论,普朗克长度,CPT反演

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A self-consistent universe model hypothesis and its highly symmetrical physical image

In string theory, the basic composition of matter is a closed string loop, which has two forms of winding string and vibrating string.In special cases, for example, the radii are reciprocal to each other, then the allowable energy and the absolute value of the charge are the same. Based on this, this paper proposes such a universe model. The 11-dimensional space-time proposed by the M theory can be divided into 2 time-related dimensions and 9 space-related dimensions.When the space-time we are currently in is used as the frame of reference, the three spatial dimensions expand to form our Universe A, which is expanding. These three spatial dimensions are actually closed chords, but the diameter of their circle is extremely far. The remaining 6 spatial dimensions are composed of the Calabi–Yau manifold, forming a contracting Universe B. Three of 6 spatial dimensions are stable closed string loops, and the remaining three ones are in a reciprocal relationship with the expanded three spatial dimensions in Universe A. In the Universe A reference frame, the six spatial dimensions in Universe B are constracting. Vice versa, in the view of Universe B reference frame, Universe A is shrinking. What's more, the absolute value of the energy and charge of the elementary particles between A and B are the same, with opposite signs, and they are indistinguishable from each other. In different reference frams, we may be in an expanding universe with a scale of 13.7 billion light-years, or in a shrinking universe much smaller than the radius of the electron. This article also simply proves that, in this case, the CPT inversion symmetry is satisfied between A and B, and the laws of physics will be completely unchanged, with a high degree of symmetry.

    参考文献:

    [1]Becker K, Becker M, Schwarz JH. String theory and M-theory: A modern introduction[M].Cambridge University Press,2006.
    [2]Smolin L. The trouble with physics: the rise of string theory, the fall of a science, and what comes next[M]. HMH, 2007.
    [3]Witten E. String theory dynamics in various dimensions[J]. Nuclear Physics, Section B. 1995, 1(443):85-126.
    [4]Witten E. Five-brane effective action in M-theory[J]&

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    工作单位:牛津大学

    所属领域:信息科学 数理科学

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