EFFECTS OF HEMATOCRIT ON THIXOTROPIC PROPERTIES OF HUMAN BLOOD
BIORHEOLOGY, 24; 803-810, 1987，-0001，（）：
The theological properties of whole human blood exhibit thixotropic behavior at low shear rates up to about ten reciprocal seconds (1). The accepted cause of this shear rate-dependent and time-dependent behavior is the progressive breakdown of rouleaux into individual red cells. Huang developed a theological e uation which incorporates the kinetics of rouleau breakdown in his models (2). This five-parameter e uation was used successfully to represent the hysteresis loop and the tor ue-decay curve of whole human blood. Numerical values of these five thixotropic parameters, which characterize the rheological behavior of the blood from apparently healthy human subjects, were established (3). In this communication, we examine the effect of hematocrit on each of the above mentioned parameters. The results show that the following parameters will increase their values with an increase in hematocrit: the yield stress, Newtonian contribution of viscosity, non-Newtonian contri-bution of viscosity, apparent viscosity and the e uilibrium value of the structural parameter which indicates the relative amount of rouleaux in blood. Mathematical e uations were developed to give the relationship between parameters and hematocrit. Two other thixotropic parameters, viz. the kinetic rate constant of rouleaux breakdown into individual red cells and the order of the breakdown reaction, were found to be independent of the hematocrit. It is consistent with reaction kinetic theory that the rate constant and the order of reaction are independent of the concentration of reactants.
版权说明：以下全部内容由陈槐卿上传于 2005年07月20日 19时49分47秒，版权归本人所有。