Program Regularization in Memory Consistency Verification
IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems，2012，23（11）：2163 - 217 | 2012年01月31日 | 10.1109/TPDS.2012.44
A widely adopted methodology for verifying the memory subsystem of a Chip Multiprocessor (CMP) is to verify executions of parallel test programs on the CMP against the given memory consistency model, which has been long known to be time consuming in both theory and practice. To accelerate memory consistency verification, previous approaches have to bear the cost of availability (e.g., relying on dedicated hardware supports that have not been offered by many commodity CMPs) or completeness (e.g., missing some bugs). In the meantime, the impact of parallel programs on memory consistency verification has more or less been overlooked. One piece of evidence is that few investigations have been dedicated to finding appropriate test programs enabling more efficient verification From a novel perspective of test program, we devise a practical technique called “program regularization,” which can effectively reduce the computation time of memory consistency verification. The key intuition behind program regularization is that any parallel program, if being reformed appropriately, can enable efficient memory consistency verification. More specifically, for an original program, program regularization introduces some auxiliary memory addresses, and periodically inserts load/store operations accessing these addresses to the original program. With the regularized program, memory consistency verification can be accomplished in linear time (with respect to the number of memory operations) when the number of processors is fixed. Experimental results show that program regularization can significantly accelerate memory consistency verification. Last but not least, our technique, which does not rely on concrete verification algorithm or dedicated hardware support, can be smoothly integrated into existing presilicon/postsilicon verification platforms of industrial CMPs to speed up memory consistency verification.