Hetero-epitaxial growth of SiCGe on SiC
Z. M. Chen et al. Microelectronic Engineering 83 (2006) 170-175，-0001，（）：
SiCGe/SiC heterojunction structure is required in development of SiC optoelectronic devices and light-activated switching devices. We present in this paper a primary attempt to grow the ternary alloy SiCGe on SiC substrates under varied growth conditions in a conventional hot-wall CVD system. SiH4, GeH4 and C3H8 were employed as silicon, germanium and carbon sources, respectively. The samples were measured by means of SEM, XPS, XRD, optical absorption, etc. Two different growth modes i.e., island growth and porous growth were observed. It has been shown that germanium atoms can be effectively incorporated into the ternary alloys, which makes their optical gaps to be narrowed with increasing Ge content. However, incorporation of Ge induces a heavy lattice mismatch, which limits the film thickness by the formation of mismatch defects. It has been shown that use of a buffer layer can effectively improve the growth quality of the ternary alloy.