Improvement of PD location in GIS
The measuring system we used consisted of two UHF sensors with a frequency band of 400 MHZ～1500MHz and a digital oscilloscope with maximum 2 GS/s digital rate in its two channels. The difference in arrival times of UHF signals at two sensors can be measured to assist with locating defects in GIS. The test results in the laboratory indicate that the fault location precision depends on the digital rate of the oscilloscope. In actual site test, if the sample rate is low, it is could not have enough sample plots to recover the real pulse wavefronts, which is difficult to identify the arrival times at the two sensors by the first peak of UHF waveform. In this paper, a new algorithm has been described, which applies cubic spline interpolation to increase points between two real sample points, and improve the location precision of time flight method. And then the distance difference between two waves can be determined by using cross-correlation function. In addition, the application software has been developed to help locate PD source in GIS.