Finite element simulation of thermal stress during diffusion bonding of Al2O3 ceramic to aluminium
The development of thermal stress during the diffusion bonding of Al2O3 ceramic to Al is analyzed by the finite-element analysis using MARC/MENTAL code. Prior to diffusion bonding, a Cu layer of 0.2mm in thickness is sintered on the ceramic. The results show that shear stress concentration occurs in the ceramic near the corner of Al2O3/Cu interface, and tensile stress concentration occurs near the corners of Al2O3 outer surface during cooling from bonding temperature to room temperature. After tensile stress concentration on the Al2O3 undersurface rises to a certain value, ceramic deforms gradually, resulting in stress beginning to relax. The stress relaxation originates in the stress concentration region of Al2O3 outer surface.