Modulation of liver oxidant-antioxidant system by ischemic preconditioning during chemia/reperfusion injury in rats
World J Gastroenterol 2005; 11 (12): 1825-1828，-0001，（）：
AIM:To investigate effects of ischemic pre-conditioning on the liver endogenous oxidant-antioxidant system during ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham-operated (Sham), ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), ischemic pre-conditioning plus ischemia/reperfusion (IPC) groups. Serum ALT, AST and hyaluronic acid levels were assayed and pathologic alterations observed. Liver malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, endogenous antioxidant enzymes, superoxidase dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), gultathionine peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities, neutrophils accumulation marker, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities were measured respectively. RESULTS: Compared with I/R group, sinusoidal endothelial cells as well as hepatocytes damages, as assessed biochemically and histochemically, were improved significantly in IPC group; neutrophils infiltration was also markedly reduced. In IPC group, liver peroxidation, as measured by MDA contents, was significantly decreased when compared with I/R group; endogenous antioxidant enzymes, SOD, CAT and GSH-Px activities were markedly higher than that in I/R group. CONCLUSION: Ischemic pre-conditioning exerts protective effects on both hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells and hepatocytes during liver I/R injury. Its mechanisms may involve dimunition of neutrophils infiltration and modulation of the imbalance of endogenous oxidant-antioxidant system in the organism.