Effects of the catchment runoff coefficient on the performance of TOPMODEL in rainfall-runoff modelling
HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES Hydrol. Process. 18, 1823-1836 (2004)，-0001，（）：
Effects of the catchment runoff coefficient on the performance of TOPMODEL in simulating catchment rainfall-runoff relationships are investigated in this paper, with an aim to improve TOPMODEL's simulation efficiency in catchments with a low runoff coefficient. Application of TOPMODEL in the semi-arid Yihe catchment, with an area of 2623 km2 in the Yellow River basin of China, produced a Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency of about 80%. To investigate how the catchment runoff coefficient affects the performance of TOPMODEL, the whole observed discharge series of the Yihe catchment is multiplied with a larger-than-unity scale factor to obtain an amplified discharge series. Then TOPMODEL is used to simulate the amplified discharge series given the original rainfall and evaporation data. For a set of different scale factors, TOPMODEL efficiency is plotted against the corresponding catchment runoff coefficient and it is found that the efficiency of TOPMODEL increases with the increasing catchment runoff coefficient before reaching a peak (e.g. about 90%); after the peak, however, the efficiency of TOPMODEL decreases with the increasing catchment runoff coefficient. Based on this finding, an approach called the discharge amplification method is proposed to enhance the simulation efficiency of TOPMODEL in rainfall-runoff modelling in catchments with a low runoff coefficient.
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