Magnetic entropy change in La0.67-x Ca0.33MnO3
Journal of Alloys and Compounds 384 (2004) 62-66，-0001，（）：
Polycrystalline samples of La0.67-x Ca0.33 MnO3 (x = 0.00, 0.02, 0.06, and 0.10) with different La site vacancies have been prepared by the sol–gel method. The grain sizes of the samples are observed by SEM. XRD results show that the samples are single phase of perovskite-type oxides. The Curie temperatures and the magnetic entropy changes of the samples are measured on a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The influence of the vacancy concentration in the La site on their magnetocaloric properties has been investigated. A large magnetic entropy change (～2.78 J/kg K) is obtained in the sample La0.67-x Ca0.33 MnO3 (x = 0.02) at its Curie temperature (277 K) in an applied magnetic field of 1 T. Results of magnetic measurement show that these materials with La site vacancies can be used as candidates for magnetic refrigerants near room temperature.