Semisupervised Online Multikernel Similarity Learning for Image Retrieval
IEEE Transactions on Multimedia，2016，19（5）：1077 - 108 | 2016年12月23日 | 10.1109/TMM.2016.2644862
Metric learning plays a fundamental role in the fields of multimedia retrieval and pattern recognition. Recently, an online multikernel similarity (OMKS) learning method has been presented for content-based image retrieval (CBIR), which was shown to be promising for capturing the intrinsic nonlinear relations within multimodal features from large-scale data. However, the similarity function in this method is learned only from labeled images. In this paper, we present a new framework to exploit unlabeled images and develop a semisupervised OMKS algorithm. The proposed method is a multistage algorithm consisting of feature selection, selective ensemble learning, active sample selection, and triplet generation. The novel aspects of our work are the introduction of classification confidence to evaluate the labeling process and select the reliably labeled images to train the metric function, and a method for reliable triplet generation, where a new criterion for sample selection is used to improve the accuracy of label prediction for unlabeled images. Our proposed method offers advantages in challenging scenarios, in particular, for a small set of labeled images with high-dimensional features. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method as compared with several baseline methods.