Sons and Daughters: Marriage Form and Family Division in Rural China
Using data from a survey in Songzi county of Hubei province, this paper studies the influence of children's marriage form and individual factors on the division from their natal parents after marriage in rural China. The results reveal that among children with a brother, sons in virilocal marriages are more likely to undertake family division and it will occur earlier than for daughters in uxorilocal marriages. However, among children without a brother, behaviours in family division are not significantly different between sons and daughters. The majority of family division occurs in the first five years after marriage for sons and is distributed more or less equally over the first five years after marriage for daughters. Some children's individual factors including number of siblings also affect their likelihood of family division. Demographic, socioeconomic and cultural causes underlying this phenomenon as well as its social implications are also discussed.