Wall pressure fluctuations of a turbulent separated and reattaching flow affected by an unsteady wake
Experiments in Fluids 37(2004)531-546，-0001，（）：
The spatio-temporal characteristics of the wallpressure fluctuations in separated and reattaching flows over a backward-facing step were investigated through pressure-velocity joint measurements carried out using multiple-arrayed microphones and split-film probes. A spoke-wheel-type wake generator was installed upstream of the backward-facing step. The flow structure at the effective forcing frequency (Stf=0.2) was found to be well organized in terms of wall pressure spectrum, cross-correlation, wavenumber-frequency spectrum, and wavelet auto-correlation. Introduction of the unsteady wake (Stf=0.2) reduced the reattachment length by 10%. In addition, the unsteady wake enhanced the turbulence intensity near the separation edge and, as a consequence, enhanced the quadrupole sound sources; however, the turbulence intensity near the reattachment region was weakened and the overall flow noise was attenuated. The greater organization of the flow structure induced by the unsteady wake led to a weakening of the dipole sound sources, which are the dominant sound sources in this system. The dipole sound sources generated by wall pressure fluctuations were calculated using Curle’s integral formula.
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