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李英骏

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期刊论文

Effects of delay time on transient Ni-like x-ray lasers

李英骏Y. J. Li X. Lu and J. Zhang*

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 66, 046501 (2002),-0001,():

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摘要/描述

In transient collisional excitation scheme, a long (nanosecond) prepulse is used to perform and ionize plasmas. After a delay time, a short (sub-or picosecond) intense laser pulse is used to rapidly heat the plasma. This results in transient x-ray lasers with high gain. Effects of delay time on transient collisional excitation nickel-like x-ray lasers are investigated analytically using a simple model. The calculations show that the longer delay time can greatly relax the density gradient. This is very critical for the propagation of x-ray lasers. However, a too long delay will reduce the electron temperature of the plasma before the arrival of the short pulse. Increasing the intensity of the long pulse or extending the pulse duration can keep the temperature required to maintain a high percentage of Ni-like ions while the delay time is longer. Similarly, increasing the intensity of the short pulse or extending the duration can also raise the electron temperature, resulting in higher gain coefficient. Our results indicate that extending the pulse duration is more efficient than that of increasing the intensity.

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版权说明:以下全部内容由李英骏上传于   2009年06月26日 16时23分01秒,版权归本人所有。

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