Inhibition of human gastric carcinoma cell growth by treatment of N3-o-toluyl-fluorouracil as a precursor of 5-fluorouracil
European Journal of Pharmacology 574(2007)1-7，-0001，（）：
N3-o-toluyl-fluorouracil (TFU), the pro-drug of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), is the metabolite of N1-acetyl-N3-o-toluyl-fluorouracil (atofluding). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of TFU as a precursor of 5-FU on the growth inhibition of human gastric carcinoma cell lines SGC-7901 and MKN-45. Growth of SGC-7901 and MKN-45 cells was remarkably suppressed by treatment with TFU in the presence of liver microsomal enzymes in vitro, suggesting that TFU may be converted to 5-FU by the enzymes. Similar treatment of TFU induced apoptosis of the cells, which was deduced from typical apoptotic features such as morphology, the formation of characteristic ladder pattern of DNAmigration and the accumulation of sub-G1 phase. Cancer cells xenografts in nude mice were employed to evaluate the efficacy of TFU in vivo. Growth of human gastric carcinoma cells was significantly delayed by oral administration of TFU with low side effects. Apoptosis in xenografts was also observed by means of TUNEL staining method. These results suggest that the treatment of TFU in the presence of liver microsomal enzymes and the oral administration of TFU in mice induced anti-proliferation and apoptosis in gastric carcinoma cells. This suggests that TFU may be a promising pro-drug of 5-FU for cancer treatments.