Domain Adaptation for Face Recognition: Targetize Source Domain Bridged by Common Subspace
International Journal of Computer Vision ，2013，109（）：pages94–10 | 2013年12月31日 | doi.org/10.1007/s11263-013-0693-1
In many applications, a face recognition model learned on a source domain but applied to a novel target domain degenerates even significantly due to the mismatch between the two domains. Aiming at learning a better face recognition model for the target domain, this paper proposes a simple but effective domain adaptation approach that transfers the supervision knowledge from a labeled source domain to the unlabeled target domain. Our basic idea is to convert the source domain images to target domain (termed as targetize the source domain hereinafter), and at the same time keep its supervision information. For this purpose, each source domain image is simply represented as a linear combination of sparse target domain neighbors in the image space, with the combination coefficients however learnt in a common subspace. The principle behind this strategy is that, the common knowledge is only favorable for accurate cross-domain reconstruction, but for the classification in the target domain, the specific knowledge of the target domain is also essential and thus should be mostly preserved (through targetization in the image space in this work). To discover the common knowledge, specifically, a common subspace is learnt, in which the structures of both domains are preserved and meanwhile the disparity of source and target domains is reduced. The proposed method is extensively evaluated under three face recognition scenarios, i.e., domain adaptation across view angle, domain adaptation across ethnicity and domain adaptation across imaging condition. The experimental results illustrate the superiority of our method over those competitive ones.