Thermodynamic Phase Formation of Morphology and Size Controlled Ni Nanochains by Temperature and Magnetic Field
J. Phys. Chem. C 2010, 114, 7721–7726，-0001，（）：
A series of highly uniform one-dimensional Ni nanochains, with diameters ranging from 20 to 200 nm, have been synthesized by a facile, template-free, wet chemical method at diverse temperature and magnetic field. Our results indicate that the crystallite size, diameter and length of the prepared nanochains depend critically on the reaction temperature. The characteristic thermodynamic cohesive energies, ΔED and ΔEL, are obtained for the formation of the Ni nanochains. In addition, the chain length also depends on the applied field because of the Zeeman energy of the magnetic Ni nanoparticles. For the morphology control, an external field is required in order to obtain axially aligned rather than dendritic nanochains. The size-dependent magnetic properties are studied systematically. The saturation magnetization is shown to reduce inversely with the chain diameter, attributable to a core-shell structure. The thickness of the shell which encloses the ferromagnetic Ni core is determined to be about 2.3-3.4 nm.