The Roles of Versican V1 and V2 Isoforms in Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis
Versican is a large chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan belonging to the lectican family. Alternative splicing of versican generates at least four isoforms named V0, V1, V2, and V3. We have shown that the versican V1 isoform not only enhanced cell proliferation, but also modulated cell cycle progression and protected the cells from apoptosis. Futhermore, the V1 isoform was able to not only activate proto-oncogene EGFR expression and modulate its downstream signaling pathway, but also induce p27 degradation and enhance CDK2 kinase activity. As well, the V1 isoform down-regulated the expression of the proapoptotic protein Bad. By contrast, the V2 isoform exhibited opposite biological activities by inhibiting cell proliferation and down-regulated the expression of EGFR and cyclin A. Furthermore, V2 did not contribute apoptotic resistance to the cells. In light of these results, we are reporting opposite functions for the two versican isoforms whose expression is differentially regulated. Our studies suggest that the roles of these two isoforms are associated with the subdomains CSβ and CSα, respectively. These results were confirmed by silencing the expression of versican V1 with small interfering RNA (siRNA), which abolished V1-enhanced cell proliferation and V1-induced reduction of apoptosis.
版权说明：以下全部内容由郑鹏生上传于 2009年06月09日 14时01分24秒，版权归本人所有。