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2020年04月20日

【期刊论文】Genome-wide identification of long non-coding RNAs and their regulatory networks involved in Apis mellifera ligustica response to Nosema ceranae infection

Dafu Chen, Huazhi Chen, Yu Du, Dingding Zhou, Sihai Geng, Haipeng Wang, Jieqi Wan, Cuiling Xiong, Yanzhen Zheng, Rui Guo

Insects,2019,10(8):245-255

2019年08月09日

摘要

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proven to play pivotal roles in a wide range of biological processes in animals and plants. Here, we performed whole transcriptome strand-specific RNA sequencing of normal midguts of Apis mellifera ligustica workers (Am7CK, Am10CK) and Nosema ceranae-inoculated midguts (Am7T, Am10T), and 4749 conserved lncRNAs and 1604 novel lncRNAs were identified. These lncRNAs had minimal sequence similarities with other known lncRNAs in other species; however, their structural features were similar to counterparts in mammals and plants, including shorter exon and intron length, lower exon number, and lower expression level, compared with protein-coding transcripts. Further, 111 and 146 N. ceranae-responsive lncRNAs were identified from midguts at 7-days post-inoculation (dpi) and 10 dpi compared with control midguts. Twelve differentially expressed lncRNAs (DElncRNAs) were shared by Am7CK vs. Am7T and Am10CK vs. Am10T comparison groups, while the numbers of unique DElncRNAs were 99 and 134, respectively. Functional annotation and pathway analysis showed that the DElncRNAs may regulate the expression of neighboring genes by acting in cis and trans fashion. Moreover, we discovered 27 lncRNAs harboring eight known miRNA precursors and 513 lncRNAs harboring 2257 novel miRNA precursors. Additionally, hundreds of DElncRNAs and their target miRNAs were found to form complex competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks, suggesting that these DElncRNAs may act as miRNA sponges. Furthermore, DElncRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks were constructed and investigated, the results demonstrated that a portion of the DElncRNAs were likely to participate in regulating the host material and energy metabolism as well as cellular and humoral immune host responses to N. ceranae invasion. Our findings offer a rich genetic resource for further investigation of the functional roles of lncRNAs involved in the A. m. ligustica response to N. ceranae infection.

关键词: Long non-coding RNA, Competitive endogenous RNA, Regulatory network, Honeybee, Nosema ceranae, Stress response, Immune defense

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2020年04月20日

【期刊论文】Comparative identification of microRNAs in Apis cerana cerana workers’ midguts in response to Nosema ceranae invasion

Dafu Chen, Du Yu, Huazhi Chen, Yuanchan Fan, Xiaoxue Fan, Zhiwei Zhu, Jie Wang, Cuiling Xiong, Yanzhen Zheng, Chunsheng Hou, Qingyun Diao, Rui Guo

Insects,2019,10(9):258-268

2019年08月21日

摘要

Here, the expression profiles and differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) in the midguts of Apis cerana cerana workers at 7 d and 10 d post-inoculation (dpi) with N. ceranae were investigated via small RNA sequencing and bioinformatics. Five hundred and twenty nine (529) known miRNAs and 25 novel miRNAs were identified in this study, and the expression of 16 predicted miRNAs was confirmed by Stem-loop RT-PCR. A total of 14 DEmiRNAs were detected in the midgut at 7 dpi, including eight up-regulated and six down-regulated miRNAs, while 12 DEmiRNAs were observed in the midgut at 10 dpi, including nine up-regulated and three downregulated ones. Additionally, five DEmiRNAs were shared, while nine and seven DEmiRNAs were specifically expressed in midguts at 7 dpi and 10 dpi. Gene ontology analysis suggested some DEmiRNAs and corresponding target mRNAs were involved in various functions including immune system processes and response to stimulus. KEGG pathway analysis shed light on the potential functions of some DEmiRNAs in regulating target mRNAs engaged in material and energy metabolisms, cellular immunity and the humoral immune system. Further investigation demonstrated a complex regulation network between DEmiRNAs and their target mRNAs, with miR-598-y, miR-252-y, miR-92-x and miR-3654-y at the center. Our results can facilitate future exploration of the regulatory roles of miRNAs in host responses to N. ceranae, and provide potential candidates for further investigation of the molecular mechanisms underlying eastern honeybeemicrosporidian interactions.

关键词: Apis cerana cerana, Midgut, Immune defense, Nosema ceranae, MicroRNA, Target mRNA, Regulatory network

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