已为您找到该学者14条结果 成果回收站

【期刊论文】Buffeting response of long-span cable-supported bridges under skew winds. Part 1: theory

朱乐东， L. D. Zhu， Y. L. Xu

Journal of Sound and Vibration 281(2005)647-673，-0001，（）：

-1年11月30日

A finite-element-based framework for buffeting analysis of long-span cable-supported bridges under skew winds is developed in the frequency domain utilizing the linear quasi-steady theory and the strip theory of aerodynamics in conjunction with the pseudo excitation method. A set of universal expressions for six components of buffeting forces is first derived in association with oblique cross-sections of bridge components, in which the buffeting forces are formed with respect to the wind coordinate system and then converted to those with respect to the structural coordinate system. Skew mean wind and three orthogonal components of velocity fluctuations can thus be easily handled without any further decomposition. The coherence between velocity fluctuations of wind turbulence at any two arbitrary spatial points is considered in the global wind coordinate system rather than in the global structural coordinate system. Aeroelastic stiffness and damping matrices due to self-excited forces are then taken into consideration in terms of the 18 flutter derivatives with respect to the oblique cross-sections. The pseudo-excitation method is finally employed to solve efficiently the fully coupled 3D buffeting problem of long-span cable-supported bridges under skew winds with the effects of multi-modes and spatial modes, inter-mode coupling and aerodynamic coupling, and the interaction among major bridge components being naturally included.

【期刊论文】Tsing Ma bridge deck under skew winds—Part II: flutter derivatives

朱乐东， L. D. Zhu， ， Y. L. Xu， H. F. Xiang

Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 90(2002)807-837，-0001，（）：

-1年11月30日

s paper addresses the measurement of eight flutter derivatives of a typical oblique strip of the Tsing Ma bridge deck under skew winds. The wind tunnel test technique developed for this measurement includes the design of oblique sectional model, the development of a dynamic test rig, and the application of unifying least-square (ULS) method for identification. The eight identified flutter derivatives of discrete values are first fitted to obtain eight flutter derivative curves as functions of both wind inclination and yaw angle. Based on these curves, the effects of wind inclination and yaw angle on aeroelastic damping and stiffness, in particular on critical wind speed, are then discussed. Furthermore, the measured flutter derivatives of the bridge deck under skew winds are compared with those obtained from the empirical formulae derived from the skew wind theory. Finally, the critical wind speeds from the measured flutter derivative A2• curves are also compared with those from the A2•curves estimated by the empirical formulae. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Tsing Ma suspension bridge， Oblique strip， Skew wind， Flutter derivatives， Unifying least-square method， Skew wind theory

【期刊论文】Buffeting response of long-span cable-supported bridges under skew winds. Part 2: case study

朱乐东， Y. L. Xu， L. D. Zhu

Journal of Sound and Vibration 281(2005)675-697，-0001，（）：

-1年11月30日

The finite-element-based framework for buffeting analysis of long-span cable-supported bridges under skew winds has been presented in Part 1 of this paper. The framework is now applied to the Tsing Ma Suspension Bridge in Hong Kong as a case study. The wind velocities and bridge responses measured by the Wind and Structural Health Monitoring System (WASHMS) of the bridge during Typhoon Sam in 1999 are first analyzed to find the skew wind characteristics surrounding the bridge, the modal damping ratios and acceleration responses of the bridge. The buffeting responses of the bridge under skew winds during Typhoon Sam are then computed using the wind characteristics and modal damping ratios measured from the field and the aerodynamic coefficients and flutter derivatives of the bridge deck and tower measured from the wind tunnel under skew winds. The computed acceleration responses of the bridge deck and cable are finally compared with the responses measured from the field. The comparison is found to be satisfactory in general and the case study forms a good practical demonstration for the verification of the proposed method for buffeting analysis of long-span cable-supported bridges under skew winds.

【期刊论文】Triple-girder model for modal analysis of cable-stayed bridges with warping effect

朱乐东， L. D. Zhu， H. F. Xiang， Y. L. Xu

Engineering Structures 22(2000)1313-1323，-0001，（）：

-1年11月30日

In the modal analysis of cable-stayed bridges using the finite element approach, the single-girder model or the double-girder model is often adopted for modeling the bridge deck. These two models are simple and easy to embody in commercial software packages, but the warping stiffness (constant) of bridge deck cannot be properly taken into consideration. This paper thus presents a triple-girder model consisting of one central girder and two side girders symmetrically connected to each other by transverse links. The proposed triple-girder model can easily consider the warping stiffness and other section properties of the bridge deck, and at the same time keep the user-friendly features in the single-girder model. The Nanpu cable-stayed bridge, built recently in China, is then taken as a case study to verify the rationality of the proposed triple-girder model through a comparison with measured data. The study shows that the modal properties of the cable-stayed bridge obtained from the modal analysis using the triple-girder model are more reasonable and close to the measured data. Further studies of four more cable-stayed bridges in China highlight that the extent of the warping effect depends greatly on the type of bridge deck and on the type of bridge tower–cable system. A simple approach for estimating some section properties of typical open-section decks is also suggested to further facilitate the use of the triple-girder model. © 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Cable-stayed bridge， Modal analysis， Triple-girder model， Warping constant， Case study

【期刊论文】Tsing Ma bridge deck under skew winds-Part I: Aerodynamic coefficients

朱乐东， L.D. Zhu， ， Y.L. Xu， F. Zhang， H.F. Xiang

Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 90(2002)781-805，-0001，（）：

-1年11月30日

This paper aims to measure six static aerodynamic coefficients, while a companion paper addresses the measurement of eight flutter derivatives, of a typical oblique strip of the Tsing Ma suspension bridge deck under skew winds. The wind tunnel test technique developed for the aerodynamic coefficient measurement includes the design of oblique sectional models, the development of a test rig and a measurement system, and the analysis of test results. The effects of model end angle on the aerodynamic coefficients are investigated and found to be very small on lift, drag and pitching moment coefficients. The measured results are then fitted to obtain the six aerodynamic coefficient curves as functions of both wind inclination and yaw angle, which will be used in a later comparison of buffeting response of the bridge between field measurement and analysis. The measurement results reveal that the drag, lift and pitching moment coefficients are much larger than the crosswind force, rolling moment and yawing moment coefficients. The variation of lift coefficient with wind yaw angle is small, but the value of drag coefficient decreases with increasing wind yaw angle and the value of pitching moment coefficient increases with increasing wind yaw angle. The obtained six aerodynamic coefficient curves are also used to examine the currently used cosine rule for buffeting analysis of a bridge under yaw winds. It is found that the traditional cosine rule is generally inadequate, particularly in the cases of large wind yaw angle.

Tsing Ma suspension bridge， Oblique strip， Skew winds， Aerodynamic coefficients， Wind tunnel test， Cosine rule