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2006年05月18日

【期刊论文】Inhibition of human gastric cancer metastasis by Octreotide in vitro and in vivo

唐承薇, Wang Chunhui, Tang Chengwei.

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-1年11月30日

摘要

Objective: To study the effect of somatostatin analogue octreotide on the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Using membrane invasion culture system alone or coated with matrigel, we observed the effect of octreotide on blocking migration and invasion of gastric carcinoma cells. Nude mice implanted orthotopically with SGC-7901 human stomach carcinoma were given injections of octreotide for 8 weeks. MMP-2 was detected by gelatin zymography or RT-PCR. The microvascular density and VEGF expression were examined by immunohistochemical staining with factor VIII antibody and VEGF antibody. Results: Octreotide significantly inhibit migration(49.8

Gastric cancer, Octrectide, MMP-2, VEGF, Neoplasm metastasis,

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2006年05月18日

【期刊论文】Effects of octreotide combined with aspirin on the growth of gastric cancer

唐承薇, Chengwei Tang, Chunhui Wang, Liping Tang.

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-1年11月30日

摘要

Objective: Octreotide and aspirin have shown the growth inhibition for some tumors. However, the effects of these non-cytotoxitic agents on gastric adenocarcinoma are still largely unknown. The effects of combination of octreotide and aspirin on the growth of gastric cancer were investigated. Methods: Proliferation of gastric cancer cell line affected with octreotide or aspirin was determined by 3H-thymidine incorporation. After xenografts of human gastric cancer were implanted orthotopically in stomach, nude mice were administrated octreotide plus aspirin for 8 weeks. The mRNA of somatostatin receptor in the tissues of gastric carcinoma was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction technique. Cyclooxygenase-2 in gastric cancer tissues was measured by immunohistochemistry. Results: Both octreotide and aspirin significantly reduced the 3H-thymidine incorporation of gastric cancer cells. Xenografts in situ were found in all stomachs of nude mice except two nude mice in combination group. Either size or weight of tumors treated by octreotide or aspirin was significantly reduced when compared to that of control. The combination group showed the best inhibition in tumor growth. The inhibition rate for tumor was 60.6% in octreotide group, 39.3% in aspirin group and 85.6% in the combination group respectively. No severe side effect was observed in all of treatment groups. Somatostatin receptor-2 and 3 were expressed in the transplanted gastric adenocarcinomas. Aspirin could down regulate the strong expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in the tissue of gastric adenocarcinomas of nude mice. Conclusions: Combination of octreotide and aspirin significantly enhanced the anti-proliferative effect in gastric cancer through mediation of somatosatin receptors and suppression of cyclooxygenase-2.

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2006年05月18日

【期刊论文】Enhanced Inhibitive Effects of Combination of Rofecoxib and Octreotide on the Growth of Human Gastric Cancer

唐承薇, Chengwei Tang, Chunlun Liu, Xuchun Zhou, Chunhui Wang

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-1年11月30日

摘要

Abstract: Our previous studies indicated that cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor or octreotide could suppress the proliferation of gastric adenocarcinoma in vitro or in vivo. The present study was aimed to find whether rofecoxib combined with octreotide could enhance the inhibitive effects on the growth of gastric cancer or not. The effect of rofecoxib or octreotide on proliferation of gastric cancer cell line was determined by 3H-thymidine ribotide incorporation. The TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay was used to detect the apopotosis. To determine their synergic antineoplastic effects, the interaction between rofecoxib and octreotide on SGC-7901 cell was evaluated by the median effect plot. After orthotopical implantion of xenografts of human gastric cancer in stomach, nude mice were given rofecoxib plus octreotide for 8 weeks. Cyclooxygenase-2 in gastric cancer tissues was measured by immunohistochemistry. Combination of rofecoxib and octreotide presented synergistic effect (combination index <1) in majority of responses. The inhibitory rate for xenografts in nude mice was 89.7% in rofecoxib group. Combination of rofecoxib and octreotide enhanced inhibitory rate to 98.8%. The combination greatly increased the apoptotic index (78.20%

rofecoxib,, octreotide,, gastric adenocarcinoma,, cyclooxygenase-2

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2006年05月18日

【期刊论文】Somatostatin suppressed the activity of intestinal mucosal mast cells in rats with multiple organ failure

唐承薇, TANG Cheng-wei, LAN Cheng

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-1年11月30日

摘要

[Abstract]: Multiple organ failure (MOF) is the most serious result followed by trauma and infection. Our previous study has shown that activated intestinal mucosal mast cells (IMMC) may play an important role in the development of MOF. Somatostatin (SST), one of gut peptides, is an important regulator in the neuro-endocrine-immune network. However, the effects of SST on IMMC especially in the case of MOF remain unclear. Objective: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of SST on the activity of IMMC in the development of MOF. Methods: The rat model of MOF was established by injection of zymosan. Thirty minutes after the injection of zymosan, SST at 2.3ng/Kg/h or 0.023ng/Kg/h was injected respectively through tail veins. The concentration of histamine and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in plasma and intestine tissue were measured. The pathological alterations of essential organ including intestine, liver, kidney and lung were studied under light microscope. Their corresponding functions were reflected with alanine aminotransferase (ALT), cretinine (Cr) and oxygen pressure (PO2). In addition, the ultra structure of the IMMC was observed under a transmission electronic microscope. Results: Compared with the controlled rats, the rats injected with SST (2.3ng/Kg/h) showed less serious inflammatory response under light microscope. ALT and Cr were decreased 53% and 60% respectively. However, PO2 was increased 50%. The histamine level in the intestinal tissue from rats treated with SST remarkably increased (8.60±0.50 to 14.50±1.08 ng/g protein), while the plasma histamine level did not show any significant changes. Exdogeneous SST also resulted in lower level of TNF-α in intestine but no changes in plasma. Furthermore, degranulation of IMMC from the rats treated with SST was less obvious. Conclusions: SST may prevent from or arrest the development of MOF through suppression of inflammatory mediators releasing such as histamine and TNF-α.

Intestinal mucosal mast cells, Multiple organ failure, Somatostatin, Histamine, Tumor necrosis factor-α.,

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2006年05月18日

【期刊论文】Increasing Activity of the Intestinal Mucosal Mast Cells in Rats with Multiple Organ Failure

唐承薇, Tang Chengwei Lan Cheng Liu Rui

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-1年11月30日

摘要

Abstract Objective: This study was undertaken to evaluate the changes of the activity of the intestinal mucosal mast cells (IMMC) in multiple organ failure (MOF). Methods: Rat model of the MOF was induced by intraperitoneal injection of zymosan. Both the functional alteration and the pathological morphology of essential organs, including small intestine, liver, kidney and the lungs, were examined, or visualized by light microscopy. The histamine and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in plasma and small intestinal tissue were detected by the fluorimetric assay and Enzyme-linked immunoadsordent assay, respectively. The ultra structure changes of the IMMC from MOF rat were evaluated by a transmission electronic microscope. Results: Zymosan induced obvious inflammatory morphology and functional impairment in the essential organs in the rats, which is indicative of characteristic changes in the MOF. It showed a significant decreased level of histamine in the intestinal tissue of the MOF rats when compared with the normal controls (11.63±1.97 vs 8.67±1.16 ng/g protein, P<0.01), whereas the plasma histamine level no significant changes. TNF-α level elevated apparently in both intestinal tissue and plasma in MOF rats. Furthermore, the increased number and degranulation of IMMC in the gut tissue were obvious in the MOF rats. Conclusion: These results suggested that the histamine and TNF-α, released from irrelevantly activated IMMC, may play an important role in the development of MOF.

intestinal mucosal mast cells, multiple organ failure, histamine, TNF-α,

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    四川大学华西医院,四川

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